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United States Presidential Election Results

U.S. elections

The president and vice president of the United States are formally elected through an electoral college. Members (“electors”) of this electoral college are chosen through the popular vote in each state, and to be elected president a candidate must receive a majority of the electoral votes. If no candidate receives a majority, the president is elected by the House of Representatives, which may choose among the three candidates with the most electoral votes.

Electoral college and popular vote results in U.S. Presidential elections and presidential election results are provided in the table.

U.S. presidential election results

YearCandidatePolitical PartyElectoral Votes1Popular Votes2Popular Percentage3
1789George Washington 4no formally organized parties695
John Adams34
John Jay9
R.H. Harrison6
John Rutledge6
John Hancock4
George Clinton3
Samuel Huntington2
John Milton2
James Armstrong1
Benjamin Lincoln1
Edward Telfair1
not voted44
1792George Washington 4Federalist132
John AdamsFederalist77
George ClintonDemocratic-Republican50
Thomas Jefferson4
Aaron Burr1
1796John AdamsFederalist71
Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican68
Thomas PinckneyFederalist59
Aaron BurrAntifederalist30
Samuel AdamsDemocratic-Republican15
Oliver EllsworthFederalist11
George ClintonDemocratic-Republican7
John JayIndependent-Federalist5
James IredellFederalist3
George WashingtonFederalist2
John HenryIndependent2
S. JohnstonIndependent-Federalist2
Charles Cotesworth PinckneyIndependent-Federalist1
1800Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican736
Aaron BurrDemocratic-Republican736
John AdamsFederalist65
Charles Cotesworth PinckneyFederalist64
John JayFederalist1
1804Thomas JeffersonDemocratic-Republican162
Charles Cotesworth PinckneyFederalist14
1808James MadisonDemocratic-Republican122
Charles Cotesworth PinckneyFederalist47
George ClintonIndependent-Republican6
not voted1
1812James MadisonDemocratic-Republican128
DeWitt ClintonFusion89
not voted1
1816James MonroeDemocratic-Republican183
Rufus KingFederalist34
not voted4
1820James MonroeDemocratic-Republican231
John Quincy AdamsIndependent-Republican1
not voted3
1824John Quincy Adamsno distinct party designations847108,74030.9
Andrew Jackson99153,54441.3
Henry Clay3747,53113.0
William H. Crawford4140,85611.2
1828Andrew JacksonDemocratic178647,28656.0
John Quincy AdamsNational Republican83508,06443.6
1832Andrew JacksonDemocratic219687,50254.2
Henry ClayNational Republican49530,18937.4
William WirtAnti-Masonic7100,7157.8
John FloydNullifiers11
not voted2
1836Martin Van BurenDemocratic170762,67850.8
William Henry HarrisonWhig73550,81636.6
Hugh L. WhiteWhig26146,1079.7
Daniel WebsterWhig1441,2012.7
W.P. MangumAnti-Jackson11
1840William Henry HarrisonWhig2341,275,01652.9
Martin Van BurenDemocratic601,129,10246.8
1844James K. PolkDemocratic1701,337,24349.5
Henry ClayWhig1051,299,06248.1
James Gillespie BirneyLiberty62,1032.3
1848Zachary TaylorWhig1631,360,09947.3
Lewis CassDemocratic1271,220,54442.5
Martin Van BurenFree Soil291,50110.1
1852Franklin PierceDemocratic2541,601,27450.8
Winfield ScottWhig421,386,58043.9
John Parker HaleFree Soil155,2104.9
1856James BuchananDemocratic1741,838,16945.3
John C. FrémontRepublican1141,341,26433.1
Millard FillmoreAmerican (Know-Nothing)8873,05321.5
1860Abraham LincolnRepublican1801,866,45239.9
John C. BreckinridgeSouthern Democratic72847,95318.1
Stephen A. DouglasDemocratic121,380,20229.5
John BellConstitutional Union39590,90112.6
1864Abraham LincolnRepublican2122,213,66555.0
George B. McClellanDemocratic211,805,23745.0
not voted81
1868Ulysses S. GrantRepublican2143,012,83352.7
Horatio SeymourDemocratic802,703,24947.3
not voted23
1872Ulysses S. GrantRepublican2863,597,13255.6
Horace Greeley 8Democratic/Liberal Republican2,834,12543.8
Thomas A. HendricksIndependent-Democratic42
B. Gratz BrownDemocratic18
Charles J. JenkinsDemocratic2
David DavisDemocratic1
not voted17
1876Rutherford B. HayesRepublican1854,036,29848.0
Samuel J. TildenDemocratic1844,300,59051.0
1880James A. GarfieldRepublican2144,454,41648.3
Winfield Scott HancockDemocratic1554,444,95248.2
James B. WeaverGreenback305,9973.3
1884Grover ClevelandDemocratic2194,874,98648.5
James G. BlaineRepublican1824,851,98148.3
1888Benjamin HarrisonRepublican2335,439,85347.8
Grover ClevelandDemocratic1685,540,30948.6
Clinton B. FiskProhibition249,8192.2
1892Grover ClevelandDemocratic2775,556,91846.1
Benjamin HarrisonRepublican1455,176,10843.0
James B. WeaverPeople’s (Populist)221,027,3298.5
John BidwellProhibition270,7702.2
1896William McKinleyRepublican2717,104,77951.0
William Jennings BryanDemocratic 91766,502,92546.7
1900William McKinleyRepublican2927,207,92351.7
William Jennings BryanDemocratic 91556,358,13345.5
1904Theodore RooseveltRepublican3367,623,48656.4
Alton B. ParkerDemocratic1405,077,91137.6
Eugene V. DebsSocialist402,4893.0
1908William Howard TaftRepublican3217,678,90851.6
William Jennings BryanDemocratic1626,409,10443.0
Eugene V. DebsSocialist420,3802.8
1912Woodrow WilsonDemocratic4356,293,45441.8
Theodore RooseveltProgressive (Bull Moose)884,119,20727.4
William Howard TaftRepublican83,483,92223.2
Eugene V. DebsSocialist900,3696.0
1916Woodrow WilsonDemocratic2779,129,60649.2
Charles Evans HughesRepublican2548,538,22146.1
Allan L. BensonSocialist589,9243.2
1920Warren G. HardingRepublican40416,147,24960.3
James M. CoxDemocratic1279,140,86434.1
Eugene V. DebsSocialist897,7043.4
1924Calvin CoolidgeRepublican38215,725,01654.1
John W. DavisDemocratic1368,386,50328.8
Robert M. La FolletteProgressive134,822,85616.6
1928Herbert HooverRepublican44421,392,19058.0
Alfred E. SmithDemocratic8715,016,44340.7
1932Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic47222,821,85757.3
Herbert HooverRepublican5915,761,84139.6
Norman ThomasSocialist884,7812.2
1936Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic52327,476,67360.2
Alfred M. LandonRepublican816,679,58336.5
1940Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic44927,243,46654.7
Wendell L. WillkieRepublican8222,304,75544.8
1944Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic43225,602,50553.3
Thomas E. DeweyRepublican9922,006,27845.8
1948Harry S. TrumanDemocratic30324,105,69549.4
Thomas E. DeweyRepublican18921,969,17045.0
Strom ThurmondStates’ Rights Democratic (Dixiecrat)391,169,0212.4
Henry A. WallaceProgressive1,156,1032.4
1952Dwight D. EisenhowerRepublican44233,778,96354.9
Adlai E. StevensonDemocratic8927,314,99244.4
1956Dwight D. EisenhowerRepublican45735,581,00357.4
Adlai E. StevensonDemocratic7325,738,76542.0
Walter Jonesnot a candidate1
1960John F. KennedyDemocratic30334,227,09649.7
Richard M. NixonRepublican21934,107,64649.5
Harry F. Byrdnot a candidate15
1964Lyndon B. JohnsonDemocratic48642,825,46361.1
Barry M. GoldwaterRepublican5227,146,96938.5
1968Richard M. NixonRepublican30131,710,47043.4
Hubert H. HumphreyDemocratic19130,898,05542.7
George C. WallaceAmerican Independent469,906,47313.5
1972Richard M. NixonRepublican52046,740,32360.7
George S. McGovernDemocratic1728,901,59837.5
John HospersLibertarian13,673<0.1
1976Jimmy CarterDemocratic29740,825,83950.0
Gerald R. FordRepublican24039,147,77048.0
Ronald W. Reagannot a candidate1
1980Ronald W. ReaganRepublican48943,642,63950.4
Jimmy CarterDemocratic4935,480,94841.0
John B. AndersonIndependent5,719,4376.6
1984Ronald W. ReaganRepublican52554,455,07558.8
Walter F. MondaleDemocratic1337,577,18540.6
1988George H.W. BushRepublican42648,886,09753.4
Michael S. DukakisDemocratic11141,809,07445.7
Lloyd Bentsennot a candidate1
1992Bill ClintonDemocratic37044,909,88943.0
George BushRepublican16839,104,54537.4
Ross PerotIndependent19,742,26718.9
1996Bill ClintonDemocratic37947,402,35749.2
Bob DoleRepublican15939,198,75540.7
Ross PerotReform8,085,4028.4
2000George W. BushRepublican27150,456,00247.9
Al GoreDemocratic2661050,999,89748.4
Ralph NaderGreen2,882,9552.7
2004George W. BushRepublican28662,028,28550.7
John KerryDemocratic25159,028,10948.3
John Edwardsnot a candidate1
2008Barack ObamaDemocratic36569,456,00052.9
John McCainRepublican17359,934,00045.7
2012Barack ObamaDemocratic33265,446,03250.9
Mitt RomneyRepublican20660,589,08447.1
2016Donald TrumpRepublican30462,979,63646.0
Hillary ClintonDemocratic22765,844,61048.1
Colin Powellnot a candidate3
Bernie Sandersnot a candidate1
John Kasichnot a candidate1
Ron Paulnot a candidate1
Faith Spotted Eaglenot a candidate1
2020Joe BidenDemocratic30681,268,92451.3
Donald TrumpRepublican23274,216,15446.9
Presidential Election Results source link; https://www.britannica.com/topic/United-States-Presidential-Election-Results-1788863

1In elections from 1789 to 1804, each elector voted for two individuals without indicating which was to be president and which was to be vice president.

2In early elections, electors were chosen by legislatures, not by popular vote, in many states.

3Candidates winning no electoral votes and less than 2 percent of the popular vote are excluded; percentages may not add up to 100 percent because of rounding.

4Washington was unopposed for president in 1789 and 1792.

5Because the two houses of the New York legislature could not agree on electors, the state did not cast its electoral votes. North Carolina and Rhode Island had not yet ratified the Constitution.

6As both Jefferson and Burr received the same number of electoral votes, the decision was referred to the House of Representatives. The Twelfth Amendment (1804) provided that electors cast separate ballots for president and vice president.

7As no candidate received a majority of the electoral votes, the decision was made by the House of Representatives.

8Greeley died shortly after the election in November. Three electors pledged to Greeley cast their votes for him, but they were not counted; the others cast their votes for the other candidates listed.

9Includes a variety of joint tickets with People’s Party electors committed to Bryan.

10One Gore elector from Washington, D.C., abstained from casting an electoral vote. Sources: Electoral and popular vote totals based on data from the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives; the United States Office of the Federal Register; the Federal Election Commission; Congressional Quarterly’s Guide to U.S. Elections, 4th ed. (2001); and the official certified state vote totals.

Presidents’ Day United States holiday

Presidents’ Day is celebrated on the third Monday in the month of February in the United States.

The origin of Presidents’ Day lies in the 1880s when the birthday of Washington—commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and the first president of the United States—was first celebrated as a federal holiday. In 1968 Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Bill, which moved a number of federal holidays to Mondays. The change was designed to schedule certain holidays so that workers had a number of long weekends throughout the year, but it has been opposed by those who believe that those holidays should be celebrated on the dates they actually commemorate. During debate on the bill, it was proposed that Washington’s Birthday be renamed Presidents’ Day to honour the birthdays of both Washington (February 22) and Lincoln (February 12); although Lincoln’s birthday was celebrated in many states, it was never an official federal holiday. Following much discussion, Congress rejected the name change. After the bill went into effect in 1971, however, Presidents’ Day became the commonly accepted name, due in part to retailers’ use of that name to promote sales and the holiday’s proximity to Lincoln’s birthday. Presidents’ Day is usually marked by public ceremonies in Washington, D.C., and throughout the country.

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